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 Anime & Torrent Terms

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PostSubject: Anime & Torrent Terms   Thu Apr 05, 2007 5:55 am

Anime & Torrent Terms
All terms related to anime and torrents

Torrent: A small metadata file which contains information about the data you want to download, not the data itself. It can also be saved to your computer. This is useful if you want to be able to re-open the torrent later on without having to find the link again.

Peer: A peer is another computer on the internet that is sharing the file you wish to download. Typically a peer does not have the complete file, if it did it would be called a seed. Peers are also called leeches, to distinguish them from those who have completed their download and continue to leave their BitTorrent Client running and act as a seed.

Seed: A computer that has a complete copy of the specific torrent you are downloading . Once your client finishes downloading, it will remain open until you click the Finish button. This is known as seeding. You can also start a BitTorrent Client with a complete file, and once BitTorrent has checked the file it will connect and seed the file to others. It is good to continue seeding a file after you have finished downloading, to help others finish.

Reseed: When there are zero seeds for a given torrent (and not enough peers to have a distributed copy), all the peers will get stuck with an incomplete file, since no one in the swarm has the missing pieces. When this happens, someone with a complete file (a seed) must connect to the swarm so that those missing pieces can be transferred.

Swarm: The group of users that are collectively connected for a particular file. Example, if you start a BitTorrent Client and it tells you that you're connected to 5 peers and 1 seeds, then the swarm consists of you and those 6 other people.

Tracker: Server on the Internet that coordinates the action of BitTorrent Clients. Upon opening a torrent, you contact the tracker and receive a list of peers to connect to. Throughout the transfer, your computer will query the tracker, telling it how much you've downloaded and uploaded and how much before finishing. If a tracker is down and you try to open a torrent, you will be unable to connect. If a tracker goes down during a torrent (you have already connected at some point and are already talking to peers), you will be able to continue transferring with those peers, but no new peers will be able to contact you. Tracker errors are often temporary, leave the client open and continue trying.

Share rating: A ratio of your amount uploaded divided by your amount downloaded. The amounts used are for the current session only, not over the history of the file. If you achieve a share ratio of 1.0, that would mean you've uploaded as much as you've downloaded. The higher the number, the more you have contributed. If you see a share ratio of this means infinity, which will happen if you open a BitTorrent Client with a complete file. In this case you download nothing since you have the full file, and so anything you send will cause the ratio to reach infinity. While share ratings are just displayed for your convenience, courtesy to others should cause you to keep this ratio as high as possible.

Choked: When a connection is choked, it means that the transmitter isn't currently sending anything else on the link. A BitTorrent Client signals that it's choked to other clients for a number of reasons, the most common is that by default a client will only maintain --max_uploads active simultaneous uploads, the rest will be marked choked. A connection can also be choked for other reasons, for example a peer downloading from a seed will mark his connection as choked since the seed has no need to receive.

Interested: Term used in the protocol specification. refers to the state of a downloader with respect to a connection. A downloader is marked as interested if the other end of the link has any pieces that the client wants, otherwise the connection is marked as not interested.

Snubbed: If the client has not received anything after a certain period (default: 60 seconds), it marks a connection as snubbed, in that the peer on the other end has chosen not to send. The real function of keeping track of this variable is to improve download speeds. Occasionally the client will find itself in a state where even though it is connected to many peers, it is choked by all of them. The client uses the snubbed flag in an attempt to prevent this situation. It notes that a peer with whom it would like to trade pieces with has not sent anything in a while, and rather than leaving it up to the optimistic choking to eventually select that peer, it instead reserves one of its upload slots for sending to that peer.

Client: The program that handles .torrent files once you've clicked on one.

Anime: A term used to describe animation made by the Japanese.

Cosplay: (short for 'Costume Play') The practise of dressing up as one's favourite anime or manga character. A popular event at anime conventions.

Chibi: In Japanese literally is a derogitory term for a child, but in anime, it means a small charater. Chibi charaters are often big eyed, with exagerated features (big face, etc).

Doujinshi: Japanese term for a fan manga. There are many types of doujin (slang term), so if you type in "doujinshi" in a search engine, you can get anything from hentai to serious stories. Doujinshis can be good if used nicely, such as to enhance a certain part of a manga series already created, or create a new "episode" of the series.

Hentai: Japanese for 'pervert', refers to pornographic material.

Kawaii: Japanese for "cute", often referring to super deformed anime, or a chibi character.

Manga: As anime is to video, manga is to book. Manga is the book form of Japanese art. Manga is similar to anime, yet there are benefits and downsides to having only both. Manga allows more description in each shot, yet it is sometimes harder to portray an action sequence, or a drastic change with only manga panels. In some cases, manga goes farther in depth with the series, while anime episodes my break down a manga book in order to make the episode.

OST: Original Sound Track; the background music of an anime production, including all songs.

OAV/OVA: Original Animation Video/Original Video Animation; work made specially for release to video, rather than TV or cinema.

BGM: BackGround Music --- the music from an anime soundtrack. Soundtrack CDs are popular merchandise items.

Fansub: Fan-subtitled. The only way to find a translation of many less popular titles as well as surprising ones is through fansubbing. Generally, fansubbed items are distributed by copying freely, so poor quality copies are common. It is considered unethical and illegal to fansub a show which is being commercially translated.

CG: Computer Graphics, or refering to anything in anime that is drawn digitally with 3D models.

Dub / dubbed: If an anime is referred to as "dubbed", it means the original Japanese voices were recorded over with another langauge voice, usually English.

Image Album: Albums for popular manga in Japan. Yes, popular manga/comics come with their own soundtracks. "image" is used in Japanese the same way as "theme" is used in English, for character theme songs, etc

J-Pop: Japanese popular music.

Raw: In the anime world, "raw" is the common term used for unsubbed anime.

Sub: When referring to an anime that is "Subbed". It means that the original Japanese voices are still intact and another language translation is added in subtitles, usually english. [Subtitles are little text translations at the bottom of a show/movie]

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